DIKSIA.COM - About a week after the successful landing of the Chandrayaan-3 probe at the moon's south pole, India accelerated and launched a rocket to take the Aditya-L1 mission to the sun. The space research competition is even more exciting.
Currently, countries with advanced space technology are trying to reach and explore the moon. Not only the moon, Mars and the sun are other destinations that need to be explored.
Apart from India, here are the countries racing around the sun, summarized and quoted by detikINET from The Hindu, Monday (4/9/2023)
The American space agency NASA launched the Parker Solar Probe in August 2018. In December 2021, the Parker Solar Probe flew through the sun's upper atmosphere, the corona, and picked up particles and the magnetic field there. This is the first time a space probe has touched the Sun.
In February 2020, NASA, in collaboration with the European Space Agency ESA, launched Solar Orbiter to collect data to understand how the Sun creates and controls the ever-changing space environment throughout the Solar System.
NASA's other solar exploration missions still active today include the Advanced Composition Explorer launched in August 1997, the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory launched in October 2006, the Solar Dynamics Observatory launched in February 2010, and the Interface Region Imaging launched in June 2013 spectrograph.
In addition, NASA, ESA and JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) jointly established the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) in December 1995.
JAXA, Japan's national space agency, launched its first solar observation satellite, Hinotori (ASTRO-A), in 1981. The mission's goal was to study solar flares using X-rays.
Other JAXA solar exploration missions include Yohkoh (SOLAR-A) in 1991, SOHO with NASA and ESA in 1995, and Transient Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) with NASA in 1998.
In 2006, Hinode (SOLAR-B) was introduced. This mission is the successor to Yohkoh (SOLAR-A), an orbiting solar observatory. Japan introduced it in cooperation with the USA and Great Britain. The goal of Hinode, a satellite observatory, is to study the effects of the Sun on Earth.